The Kumana Bird Sanctuary is certainly an ornithologist’s Paradise! Situated 408 km from Colombo on the southeastern coast of the country, it is one of the finest bird sanctuaries in the country. The entrance to the Park is at Panama through the Kudumbigala sanctuary and is accessible via Beragala and Koslanda or through the Uduwalawe – Tanamalvilla route.
The Kumana Bird Sanctuary established in 1938, is part of the Kumana National Park and is one of the most important nesting and breeding grounds for birds in Sri Lanka. Of the country’s 400 bird species, the Kumana Bird Sanctuary is known to have recorded 255 species of birds.
The vegetation of Kumana National Park is mainly tropical dry zone forest covers an area of 35,665 hectares with the western boundary bordered by the Kumbukkan Oya and to the south is the coastal stretch that runs to Panama.
The park’s extensive bird life thrives on a massive 200 hectare natural mangrove swamp, the “Kumana Villu” and plenty of tanks and lagoons scattered around the park where thousands of birds nest and breed. It is known that thousands of birds migrate to the swamp every year between the months of April to July.